Main site of science textbooks
Crowdfunding site for the free
online science textbooks project

Arrow's theorem of elections

To paraphrase Arrow's theorem of elections, there does not exist a fully satisfactory election process. There exist many bad schemes that often produce ridiculous results and there are a few good schemes (none of them perfect) that still occasionally produce ridiculuous results.

I propose that any good scheme must have the following properties:

*) A large number of initial candidates.

*) A voting procedure where all candidates are ranked sequentially, as opposed for voting for just one candidate.

*) Multiple rounds of debates and elections, trimming the candidates at a gradual rate.

*) The second-to-last election must have exactly 3 candidates and the last election must have exactly 2 candidates. If the final election has more than 2 candidates you will get ridiculuous results *most* of the time.

Te Republican candidates conducted a fair primary. The independent candidates should have joined the Republican or Democratic party and sought to achieve reform within the party, and they should have subjected themselves to the rigorous test of primaries. They have not been tested whereas the candidates that ran have. For independents to insert themselves into the election now is taking advantage of our imperfect election system and consitutes electoral terrorism. They deserve no respect.

The Libertarian Party held an incomplete primary covering only 6 states.

Arnold Schwarzenegger and Jesse Ventura won Governorships in elections with more than 2 candidates.


2016 Primaries
           Votes   Candidates  Debates  States   Popular     Super
         (millions)                             delegates  delegates

Democrat     31.22       3        9      50      4051        712
Republican   30.64      17       12      50      2472          0
Libertarian    .03      13       21       6       n/a        n/a
Green          .02       6        4      35       402          0


          Votes   Vote %   Delegates   States

Trump    14013998   44.9     1441       36
Cruz      7822100   25.1      551       11
Kasich    4290448   13.8      161        1
Rubio     3515576   11.3      173        1

Clinton  16912545   55.2     2842       28
Sanders  13206428   43.1     1865       22
O'Malley        ?    ?          0        0

Johnson     22642   59.6      n/a        5
McAfee       3391    8.9      n/a        0
Peterson     3066    8.1      n/a        0

Stein       13231    ?        269.5     34
Kreml           ?    ?         18.5      1


Democratic superdelegates:

Clinton        570.5
Sanders         44.5
O'Malley         1
No endorsement  96

Main page

Support the free online science textbooks project






© Jason Maron, all rights reserved.